Smoking Cessation in Prisons in New South Wales
Sector: Public Health
Location(s): New South Wales, Australia
Organization: Justice Health, South Wales
Considering that the prevalence of smoking amongst New South Wales prisoners exceeds 72%, or at least three times the community average, the Justice Health has been exploring positive deviance as a more cost-effective and successful solution to smoking cessation. The sustainable interventions that are part of the Positive Deviance approach have not only helped reduce the prevalence of smoking in the prison by 20 percentage points, but have also contributed to the success of the long-term health and the economic rehabilitation of the inmates.
- Publication: Using Positive Deviance Techniques to improve Smoking Cessation Outcomes in New South Wales Prison Settings
From 2003 – 2008, USAID funded five international NGOs, (CARE, Catholic Relief Services (CRS), Mercy Corps (MC), Save the Children US (SC), and World Vision International (WVI)), to implement Positive Deviance in Indonesia as part of food security programs. Together, the five NGOs reached 9,997 children across the country. Of this number, 59.6% gained 200g between admission into the program (Day 1) and graduation from the program (Day 10). Of 4,847 participants who were weighed again at the end of the month, 45% had gained the recommended 400g. Results differed slightly (but not significantly) between implementers; however, they differed dramatically between different communities.
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