Pregnant Women's Support Groups (FARNG) in Sierra Leone
Sector: Public Health
Date Range: 2002-2004
Location(s): Kambia Diestrict, Sierra Leone
The PD approach has been used by Helen Keller International and Africare with funding from US AID to support positive prenatal care seeking and infant feeding practices in Guinea and Sierra Leone. Positive deviants were identified in the community, given further health training, and then acted as group leaders in classes for other pregnant women in the nearly 100 communities. The 4,000 participants were found to be more likely to receive prenatal care, reported easier deliveries and shorter recovery times, and were more likely to breastfeed exclusively.
From 2003 – 2008, USAID funded five international NGOs, (CARE, Catholic Relief Services (CRS), Mercy Corps (MC), Save the Children US (SC), and World Vision International (WVI)), to implement Positive Deviance in Indonesia as part of food security programs. Together, the five NGOs reached 9,997 children across the country. Of this number, 59.6% gained 200g between admission into the program (Day 1) and graduation from the program (Day 10). Of 4,847 participants who were weighed again at the end of the month, 45% had gained the recommended 400g. Results differed slightly (but not significantly) between implementers; however, they differed dramatically between different communities.
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